tagged w/ Pluto
"There can be little doubt in the minds of those who are involved in attempting to disseminate research results among the entire scientific community that major problems exist. It is well documented that adopting certain stances will result in an inability to publish in the majority of the so-called high impact academic journals.
There are also well documented cases of people experiencing grave difficulties in their place of work and even, on some occasions, being driven out. Amazingly, there are even cases of attempts being made – some successful – to deny research students their doctorates because their theses contain material which may cause embarrassment for some person with an inflated sense of his/her own importance. Again, more and more academics, certainly in British universities, are coming under increasing pressure to draw funds into their establishments. Note the emphasis is not on good research, or even just research, but rather on attracting more and more money.
Remember though that as one university official told an academic member of staff, “I don’t pay you to think”! With this attitude, what hope is there unless people read books such as Against the Tide and learn from them?
Scientific truth, that is the actual answer to a scientific problem, is of paramount importance. Personal position and advancement on the back of a scientific untruth should never be tolerated and deliberately covering up inconvenient results by pseudo-scientific argument – such as has happened with at least some of Halton Arp’s work for example – should be treated for what it is and the perpetrators dealt with accordingly by the entire scientific community.
Occasionally, blatant examples of scientific fraud become public and are treated with horror by those who read of them – scientists and non-scientific laymen alike. However, is the suppression of scientific results and ideas such as are discussed in the articles included in this book ethically any different? This is a serious question which must be answered individually by each and every scientist. For myself, I see no difference and feel the treatment meted out to such as Halton Arp amounts to nothing less than academic fraud.
Let the public which ultimately pays the bill, know all the facts and judge accordingly!""There can be little doubt in the minds of those who are involved in attempting... more
A signature of a good theory is its simplicity.
In essence, everything hinges on the question of whether or not electricity exists in space. The mainstream view is that it does not; we argue that it does. Everything else flows from that.
What we are attempting to do is bring about a scientific revolution; The Electric Revolution. This Revolution will have as far-reaching consequences as the Copernican revolution, which was also based on one simple idea, is the Earth or the Sun at the centre?
Like the Copernican revolution, the data can be interpreted in both ways; Copernicus did not phrase his argument that the Sun was at the centre; he merely suggested that it was an awful lot easier to interpret the data if, for the sake of calculation alone, one pretended that it was. In the same way, I believe we are essentially suggesting that it's an awful lot easier to explain the observed behaviour of the universe if one allows electricity to have a role. Yes, you can develop a gravity-only model that gives the right answers, but having to live with 96% of the resulting universe being dark and unobservable is no better than having to have multiple levels of epicycles to explain the planetary motions around the earth.
That's why it's so simple. Just assume electricity is there and it all becomes a whole lot easier.” —Bob Johnson
You too can laugh at scientists...read the article.A signature of a good theory is its simplicity. In essence, everything hinges on... more
“Nothing comes from nothing. Nothing ever could.”
—from The Sound of Music.
"It seems the toughest thing for scientists to grasp—that a cherished paradigm like the big bang can be wrong. The latest crisis was reported in Physorg.com on May 5th: “Study plunges standard Theory of Cosmology into Crisis.” The study of dwarf companion galaxies of the Milky Way support the view that a “modified Newton dynamic” [MOND] must be adopted. “This conclusion has far-reaching consequences for fundamental physics in general, and also for cosmological theories.” One of the researchers involved said, “it is conceivable that we have completely failed to comprehend the actual physics underlying the force of gravity.”
Cosmology is in crisis because from the very outset the “big bang” was not science! The big bang invokes a miraculous creation of the universe from nothing. It is a misguided attempt to manufacture a creation story to complement, or compete with, the biblical Genesis story. But real science doesn’t do miracles. There was no contest anyway. The biblical creation story, like those of all other ancient cultures on Earth, has nothing to do with the creation of the universe. To believe so is to misunderstand the ancient meanings of “heaven” and “earth.”
A scientific, forensic investigation of mankind’s earliest ideas about heaven and earth show that “heaven” was the arena of the planetary “gods,” whose behavior was fearfully witnessed by our prehistoric ancestors in a catastrophic period of awful electrical splendor in the skies.
It seems the hardest thing for a scientist to grasp that a cherished consensus belief, perhaps one that is decades or a century old, can be wrong. Following is an excerpt from a report of the most recent crisis in cosmology. It calls into question both the existence of dark matter and our concept of gravity. The bell tolls loudly for the big bang!"
Excerpt is in article.“Nothing comes from nothing. Nothing ever could.” —from The Sound... more
"While many people are aware of the increasing role of mathematical modeling in society in general, and science in particular, very few have dared to question this situation. The idea that mathematical models somehow reveal universal truths, in both business and science, has been successfully promoted, despite strong historical evidence to the contrary.
Did science take a wrong turn?
Phil Plait, the self-proclaimed Bad Astronomer and critic of the Electric Universe, is also an advocate of the mathematical approach to science. For example, on this YouTube video at 03:33, Plait says: “It has to be that way for the math to work out.” This is an incredible statement when you think about it. Since when has Mother Nature been obliged to adhere to man-made mathematical laws? Plait is talking about black holes, but he fails to mention that the only safe prediction that can be made about them relates to the alarming rate at which research consumes tax-payers' money.
The current worldwide economic crisis is often referred to as the credit crunch, and it cannot be denied that increasingly esoteric financial dealings contributed to this situation. Currency was once backed by real assets, principally gold. Likewise, science was once based on empiricism - measurement and evidence.
Money can now be printed at the whim of powerful international financiers, much as ad hoc hypotheticals are contrived to balance scientific equations at the whim of influential scientists.""While many people are aware of the increasing role of mathematical modeling in... more
"We are told that gravity rules the cosmos. The story of the big bang, the origin of galaxies and stars, and our ultimate fate are founded on this belief. But the March 2009 Astronomy magazine carries the surprising headline, “Is there something we don’t know about gravity?” The question should be, “why do we think that physicists know anything about gravity beyond mathematical descriptions of its observed effects?” All that modern physics has done is to obscure the need for serious investigation of an unsolved problem. Even some effects attributed to the action of gravity, like the bending of light, need not have anything to do with gravity. Indeed, we are so far from understanding gravity that we don’t know the right questions to ask.
In 1983 Mordehai Milgrom of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel proposed a modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) to describe galactic motions. As explained in Electric Galaxies, the motion of galaxies is not gravity dominated. MOND may not be necessary for galaxies. However, some form of MOND is needed to explain stable planetary motion within the solar system.
Conventional celestial mechanics never thinks of the mass of a planet as a variable. However, if the electrical charge on a planet can directly affect its apparent mass to a significant degree, a new and important consideration is introduced to celestial mechanics. Newton’s well-known gravitational equation has the force (F) between the Sun and a planet as
F = GMm/r2 where
G = the ‘constant’ of gravitation,
M = mass of the Sun,
m = the mass of the planet, and
r = the distance of the planet from the Sun.
However, G is measured at the Earth’s surface and used in this equation for the Sun and every other planet. It is simply assumed that G is universal and has the same value for all celestial bodies.""We are told that gravity rules the cosmos. The story of the big bang, the origin... more
The so-called “queen” of the sciences, cosmology, is founded upon the myth that the weakest force in the universe—gravity—is responsible for forming and shaping galaxies, stars and planets. But even if this were true, gravity remains unexplained. How it works is a mystery.
Newton gave us a mathematical description of what gravity does. Einstein invoked an unreal geometry to do the same thing. Newton had the sense to “frame no hypotheses” about how gravity worked. Einstein made it impossible to relate cause and effect—which means that the theory of general relativity is not physics! How, precisely, does matter warp empty space? The language is meaningless. But this hasn’t stopped scientists declaring a law of gravitation with a ‘universal’ physical constant—‘G.’
For many years now, astronomers have been reporting that supermassive black holes — several million times the mass of the Sun — exist in nearly every galaxy.
The thoughtless followers of Einstein have fashioned God in their own image as a mathematician but “He” is much smarter and avoids high school howlers like the gravitational “black hole.” Yes, a theoretical “black hole” exists—and it sucks the very heart out of astronomy and astrophysics.
The question for the Electric Universe is therefore: If black holes don’t exist, how do we explain recent observations at the center of our own Milky Way?"
Explained at article.The so-called “queen” of the sciences, cosmology, is founded upon the myth... more
by Dr. Jeremy Dunning-Davies
"As more and more money is being requested for scientific experiments which are becoming more and more elaborate, it becomes increasingly important to attempt to explain the basic theory behind the work involved to those who, in the end, pay the bill - YOU - the members of the general public.
Many look on in awe and wonder when told of the Large Hadron Collider. They have little idea what it is or, in reality, what those in charge hope it will do but are carried along on a wave of, quite probably, genuine enthusiasm from those involved. The lack of knowledge, though, is emphasised by the genuine fear felt by some at the belief that, when switched on, this powerful machine would produce a black hole that would swallow up the Earth.
Ridiculous as this may sound, there were people who did believe this and were genuinely stressed by the day of the switch-on. The cost of this machine, as well as the enormous cost of running and maintaining it, are almost beyond the comprehension of many members of the general public.
For over a hundred years now, scientific thought seems to have been held in the vicelike grip of two theories - relativity and quantum mechanics. However, what of the qualms concerning these two theories?"
The article explains.by Dr. Jeremy Dunning-Davies "As more and more money is being requested for... more
For those who haven't noticed, this year is "The International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009)." The International Year of Astronomy will involve 135 nations and thousands of events around the world. It marks the celebration of the 400th anniversary of the first use of an astronomical telescope by Galileo Galilei.
However, astronomers have little to celebrate in 2009. They have usurped the role of the church and cast out a modern-day Galileo!
Astronomers are repeating the mistakes of the Roman Catholic Church in Galileo’s day by refusing to accept what telescopes are showing them. The fear is the same — of having cherished dogma swept away, and with it their authority. It seems to be the nature of authorities to nurture and perpetuate self-serving myths.
Dr. Halton Arp is a modern ‘Galileo,’ in our midst. He was regarded in his early career as a leading young astronomer, but he made the poor career move of proving the Big Bang never happened. Like Galileo, he did this by diligent observation. He showed that Edwin Hubble’s intuition about the nature of the universe was simple and correct:
“..if redshifts are not primarily velocity-shifts, the picture is simple and plausible. There is no evidence of expansion and no restriction of time-scale, no trace of spatial curvature, and no limitation of spatial dimensions.”
— Edwin Hubble, Observational Approach to Cosmology, Oxford 1937.For those who haven't noticed, this year is "The International Year of... more
It took about three minutes for members of the Illinois state senate to make the unanimous vote: "that March 13, 2009, be declared 'Pluto Day' in the State of Illinois in honor of the date its discovery was announced in 1930."
Quietly adopted on February 26, the state resolution is meant to honor Pluto discoverer Clyde Tombaugh, who was born and raised in the farming village of Streator.
"This is one of those things that the village is very proud of," said Illinois State Senator Gary Dahl, who sponsored the resolution.
"I don't think we are changing the status of the planet. We're simply asking that March 13 be declared Pluto Day and that, for the day, Pluto is a planet."It took about three minutes for members of the Illinois state senate to make the... more
Campaign seeks to overturn ruling that split the world of astronomy.
The number nine has a special significance for Mark Sykes, director of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona. Nine is the number of planets in the Solar System, and Sykes is one of several leading astronomers who want to keep it that way.
Unfortunately, the International Astronomical Union (IAU), which adjudicates on these matters, has ruled there are no longer nine planets in the Solar System, after a decision two years ago to downgrade Pluto to the lowly status of a "dwarf planet".
But in 2009, Dr Sykes and his like-minded colleagues hope to get the ruling overturned at the next general assembly of the IAU, to be held in Rio de Janeiro in August.
"The IAU is not the Holy Mother Church, so its pronouncements are not followed by everybody," said Dr Sykes. "To me and many like me, Pluto remains a planet and there are still nine planets in the Solar System.
"The one thing that was particularly bad about the IAU's decision is that normally it makes pronouncements that are a mark of a general consensus, but here it has tried to impose its view on the rest of us."Campaign seeks to overturn ruling that split the world of astronomy. The number... more
The dispute in the astronomical community over how to define a planet, sparked after pluto was stripped of its status in 2006, continues after a debate yesterday failed to reach a conclusion.
The sticking point in the definition of a planet, after 1: orbiting the sun; and 2: being massive enough for gravity to make it a round shape; is that, in order to be a planet, a body must have "cleared its neighbourhood of other objects": it is this criterion at which pluto falls down.
The dispute in the astronomical community over how to define a planet, sparked after... more
Leading astronomers are pushing for Pluto, which was relegated to a 'dwarf planet' in 2006, to regain its former status.
The motion will be put to the International Astronomical Union this week, with proponents of Pluto as a planet expected to move to redefine what exactly constitutes one.Leading astronomers are pushing for Pluto, which was relegated to a 'dwarf... more
"A dwarf planet orbiting beyond Neptune has been designated the third plutoid in the solar system and given the name Makemake, the International Astronomical Union said on Saturday.
The red methane-covered dwarf planet formerly known as 2005 FY9 or "Easterbunny" is named after a Polynesian creator of humanity and god of fertility.
Just last month the IAU, which names planets and other heavenly bodies, decided to create a new class of sub-planets called plutoids.
Pluto, demoted from planet status, and Eris are the other two plutoids. A fourth dwarf planet named Ceres has been excluded from the plutoid club because it orbits in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
Makemake is just slightly smaller and dimmer than Pluto and was only discovered in 2005."
I liked "Easterbunny" better."A dwarf planet orbiting beyond Neptune has been designated the third plutoid in... more
A dwarf planet orbiting beyond Neptune has been designated the third plutoid in the solar system and given the name Makemake, the International Astronomical Union said Saturday.
The red methane-covered dwarf planet, formerly known as 2005 FY9 or “Easterbunny,” is named after a Polynesian creator of humanity and god of fertility.
Just last month the astronomical union, which names planets and other heavenly bodies, decided to create a class of subplanets called plutoids.
Pluto, demoted from planet status, and Eris are the other two plutoids.
Makemake is slightly smaller and dimmer than Pluto and was discovered in 2005.
“The orbit is not particularly strange, but the object itself is big, probably about two-thirds the size of Pluto,” said Michael E. Brown of the California Institute of Technology, who discovered and named Makemake (pronounced MAH-keh MAH-keh).
Dr. Brown said the name came to him when he was looking for a mythological god and thought of Easter Island in the South Pacific. Makemake was the chief god among people who settled the island.A dwarf planet orbiting beyond Neptune has been designated the third plutoid in the... more
Pluto, demoted from planet status in 2006, has been reclassified. It and other dwarf planets like it will be called plutoids. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) gave a full definition of what counts as a plutoid.
In short: small round things beyond Neptune that orbit the sun and have lots of rocky neighbors.
The two known and named plutoids are Pluto and Eris, the IAU stated. The organization expects more plutoids will be found.
* * * * *
My question is - if they likewise demote Uranus, will it be known as a hemorrhoid?Pluto, demoted from planet status in 2006, has been reclassified. It and other dwarf... more
Pluto has been stripped of its status as a planet and will now be classified as a "plutoid" - a new category of celestial body
It has taken nearly two years of arguing and negotiations, but astronomers have finally settled on a new way to refer to the former ninth planet.
In the revised taxonomy, all small and nearly spherical objects orbiting beyond Neptune, which is now the most distant planet from the sun, will fall under the new tag.
The change was decided by a committee of the International Astronomical Union, which in 2006 took the controversial decision to demote Pluto from planet into a sub-class called dwarf-planets.Pluto has been stripped of its status as a planet and will now be classified as a... more
Like google Earth, but looking up instead of down.
In what will be a great disappointment to many, I was unable to locate the Death Star or the Enterprise.
Pluto, despite the planet haters, remains intact. Like google Earth, but looking up instead of down. In what will be a great... more