tagged w/ Primates
Watch the video, and take action for chimps»
The investigation of New Iberia Research Center is the most comprehensive ever at any major primate research facility and has resulted in a 108-page complaint to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), alleging a minimum of 338 possible violations of the federal Animal Welfare Act at the center. The law sets minimal standards for the treatment of animals in labs.
The HSUS' videotape evidence shows severe distress of primates in isolation: they engage in self-mutilation by tearing gaping wounds into their arms and legs, a behavior that could be the result of NIRC's failure to provide adequate environmental enhancement.
Routine procedures, such as the use of powerful and painful dart guns and frightening squeeze cages for sedation, are shown causing acute psychological distress to chimpanzees and monkeys.
Infant monkeys scream as they are forcibly removed from their mothers so that tubes can be forced down their throats.
Altogether, the investigation reveals animals forced to endure anxiety and misery behind the razor wire of the research facility.
.....Watch the video, and take action for chimps»... more
Chimpanzees have long been known for their ability to mimic humans. Now scientists have found that baby chimps’ mental development can even be more advanced than children of the same age.
At nine months, the animals are just as curious and capable of recognising carers and familiar objects as the average baby. When compared with infants kept in isolated conditions in orphanages, the animals are even more advanced.
The scientists who carried out the research believe their research also provides valuable evidence that chimpanzees, like humans, thrive on social interaction. The more intimate their contact with their carers, the faster their brains develop.
Chimpanzees share about 96% of their DNA with humans. An adult chimp’s level of intelligence has been likened to that of a three-year-old child.
The new research shows that in their early lives, they develop along similar lines to people before humans race ahead.
“Nursery-reared chimpanzees . . . exhibited distress (screaming and crying) in those episodes when they were separated from their favourite caregiver and . . . [touched their toys] when their favourite caregiver was present,” says the study by scientists at Portsmouth University and Leiden University, Holland.
The researchers reached their conclusions, published in the journal Developmental Psychobiology, after analysing the care records of a group of chimpanzees kept at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia. This included observations of their curiosity and powers of recognition.
The chimps were reared by humans after being rejected by their mothers. One group was given 4-5 hours a day of individually tailored “mothering” while the other chimps were given more basic human care.
The scientists found that the cognitive performance at nine months of those which had received the extra care was significantly better than the other group. They also outperformed infants in orphanages in Greece and Romania and were similar to a typical American baby.
The researchers believe the findings suggest the primates are close enough to humans when they are very young to be used as models to conduct experiments with different types of human childrearing.
Primate experts endorsed the findings.
“They are extremely social animals like human beings were hundreds of thousands of years ago. They are tribal.”
“Chimpanzees and orangutans have similar development to humans cognitively - physically they are leaps and bounds ahead,” said Alison Cronin, who runs the Monkey World rescue centre near Wareham, Dorset.
“They leap around and grip far earlier than a human. They cling to their mothers when humans are still being carried.
“They learn quickly that they are the centre of the group. They realise early what they should and should not reach out and touch.”
Many scientists believe some primates are even more intelligent than chimps. A Harvard study in 2007 found that orangutans and gorillas had the greatest power to learn and solve problems of all animals.
There is growing research about how the intelligence of primates is fostered by social contact. A group of orangutans in Sumatra was recently found teaching one another to make tools, play jumping games and blow kisses. The animals also folded leaves to make rain hats and roofs for their beds...Chimpanzees have long been known for their ability to mimic humans. Now scientists... more
A dog is going to be euthanized after attacking a boy. The dog was chained up to a stake in it's own yard when two boys (9 years old Boen Manning and his accomplice) began terrorizing and taunting the dog.
The boys were also apparently trespassing as well as abusing the dog.
The chained dog eventually attacked Boen Manning. The dog did not go for the throat and could have easily killed him... the dogs lack of grip enabled the boy to open it's mouth with his hands so he could get away.
The father of Boen, Douglas Manning says '"something must be done"...
As if 'living' on the end of a chain is not cruel enough, the dog's 'caretakers' quickly and voluntarily gave the dog to the animal shelter although no charges had been filed.
'Something' that should be done? Starting with the idiot, self-righteous father, how about teaching your ignorant juvenile delinquent what it means to 'TRESPASS' since teaching him about ethics is out of the question.
WHAT ABOUT EMPATHY AND COMPASSION FOR THIS DOG WHOSE LIFE IS GOING TO END BECAUSE OF THESE CRUEL AND DELINQUENT KIDS?
THIS IS SO WRONG!A dog is going to be euthanized after attacking a boy. The dog was chained up to a... more
Informative video on palm oil farming & the destruction of rainforests & orang-utans.
World Rainforest Movement:
http://www.wrm.org.uy/Videos/Biofuels_UK.htmlInformative video on palm oil farming & the destruction of rainforests &... more
A nice write up for Gregoire, a 66-year-old chimp, who lived for 40+ years in in solitary confinement in a barren cage at the Brazzaville Zoo in the Republic of Congo's capital city.
I do wonder how people can do this to animals they claim to be interested in understanding. If we consider that these animals are close to us in the scheme of things then how can we treat them so poorly? They're as social as we are and need more out of life than to be stuck in a cage for 40 years.A nice write up for Gregoire, a 66-year-old chimp, who lived for 40+ years in in... more
Gorillas at Chessington Zoo are in the mist of a stench caused by brussell sprouts. The Zoo in London was forced to issue an apology to guests after giving the gorillas a Christmas treat of Brussels sprouts. The brussell sprouts are very nutritious, but the stench caused by the gorilla farts caused horror amongst the men and women with reports of nausea and small children crying.
------------------------------------ ----------------------------------Gorillas at Chessington Zoo are in the mist of a stench caused by brussell sprouts.... more
Bonnie's whistling isn't so surprising to her caregivers. The 140-pound (63.5-kilometer) orangutan at the National Zoo in Washington, D.C., has been whistling for about two decades.
Now a new study suggests that the sounds she makes could hold clues about the origins of human language.
"The assumption is that someone was whistling and she probably picked it up from them," said animal keeper and study co-auther Erin Stromberg.
Lisa Stevens, the zoo's curator for great apes and giant pandas, said the key point is that the orangutan was not trained to whistle.
While orangutans can be taught new sounds with extensive training, Bonnie is the first indication that the animals can independently pick up the sounds from other species.
"It's something she spontaneously developed," Stevens said. "It wasn't a trick."Bonnie's whistling isn't so surprising to her caregivers. The 140-pound... more
United Nations declares 2009 'Year of the Gorilla'
Poaching, deforestation and the dreaded Ebola virus have taken a terrible toll on populations of the four remaining gorilla species. Now, in an effort to help save our primate cousins from extinction, the United Nations Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals has declared 2009 the "Year of the Gorilla."
Three of the four species of gorilla are considered critically endangered, with just 700 mountain gorillas, 300 Cross River gorillas, and 5,000 eastern lowland gorillas left. The fourth species, the Western lowland gorilla, is critically endangered in some of its home countries, although the total population is much higher, at around 150,000.
All four species face declining populations, with threats ranging from the bushmeat trade, poaching for traditional medicine, habitat destruction from logging or the charcoal trade (an important source of fuel in Africa), and disease.
Luckily, the Year of the Gorilla is already off to a good start. This week, the 10 nations with gorilla populations agreed to examine the effectiveness of their anti-poaching laws and, hopefully, improve their implementation. Some of the money pledged for the Year of the Gorilla campaign will go toward educating judges so they understand the need to strictly enforce current anti-poaching laws.
Other actions to be funded by the YoG campaign include training park rangers, supporting scientific research, raising awareness of the gorillas' threats, and developing alternative sources of income (such as eco-tourism) for people living near gorilla populations. The UN hopes to raise more than $600,000 to support these efforts.Extinction Blog United Nations declares 2009 'Year of the Gorilla'... more
- The Mountain Gorilla Doctors Update -
A sad week in Rwanda. Several deaths are reported, including 2 infants.
Please follow the link for a detailed update and for information on how you can help these gentle giants.
http://gorilladoctors.wildlifedirect.org/2008/12/09/so-much-for-the-rule-of-threes/- The Mountain Gorilla Doctors Update - A sad week in Rwanda. Several deaths are... more
Gypsy Lawson and her mother Fran Ogren have been convicted of attempting to smuggle a monkey into the US from Thailand. Lawson hid the monkey under her blouse and said she was pregnant.Gypsy Lawson and her mother Fran Ogren have been convicted of attempting to smuggle a... more
It's a striking example of how a little love can overcome a whole lot of war in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Rebels and the government, who have blighted lush Nord-Kivu province with months of fighting, have cut a unique deal to allow armed park rangers back into the famed Virunga reserve to care for its long-neglected gorillas.
The deal will allow ranger Innocent Mburanumwe to be reunited with a bald blackback ape that has occupied his waking dreams for the past 15 months, ever since CNDP rebels took over the eastern gorilla sector of the park in September 2007 and forced the rangers to flee.
Cont..It's a striking example of how a little love can overcome a whole lot of war in... more
Aid worker staying in war-torn African country rescues starved, tortured chimpanzee held by government soldiers, transfers chimp to local nature institute for treatment
Through the battles that have been raging in southeast Congo and the hundreds of thousands of people uprooted from their homes, Israeli aid worker Eyal Reinich managed to rescue a young chimpanzee that was being illegally held by soldiers in the city of Goma.
Reinich has spent the past six months in the North-Kivu district as the director of Belgian organization Handicap International's office. "On my way to aid at the refugee camps, I noticed government soldiers patroling the area with a chimpanzee on them," Reinich said in a telephone interview from Congo.
"Mafima (the chimpanzee) looked very bad, she would just pick up hear head to smile or make contact, but the soldiers just abused her, and beat her up. It was hard to resist her human face. She looked completely starved."
Reinich approached the soldiers and asked to take Mafima from them, but was told that the chimpanzee was a lucky charm for them. "They said that thanks to her they beat the rebels," he said, "I gently told them that I did not want a confrontation with them and if they would just give me the chimpanzee, maybe I could find a better place for her and that would be a lucky charm for them."
After some negotiation, Reinich and the soldiers set up a meeting, and Mafima was eventually purchased for US$ 130 and brought to Reinich's home.
"Mafima suffered from a gunshot injury in the palm of her hand. She was weak, starved, her hair was falling out as a result of malnutrition and stress," said Reinich, who immediately contacted the Congolese Institute for the Conservation of Nature (ICCN) to come pick her up.
For four days Reinich and his housemates cared for Mafima thoroughly; cleaning her, feeding her, giving her lice and flea medicine, and of course providing her with the warmth she was missing during her time with the soldiers.
"We even let her sleep in the same bed with us," said Reinich. "She's a real sweetheart."
ICCN representatives arriving to pick Mafima up frowned on the fact that Reinich bought her from the soldiers, fearing it would only encourage the trade of protected wildlife.
What's the alternative? To let her suffer from a gunshot wound and soldiers' abuse?" Reinich said. "That she be a starved living lucky charm? It's not the ideal solution, but it was the best choice in the given situation."Aid worker staying in war-torn African country rescues starved, tortured chimpanzee... more
International Animal Rescue (IAR)
Dedicated to the rescue and rehabilitation of suffering animals
The aim of International Animal Rescue is to come to the aid of wild and domestic animals with hands-on rescue and rehabilitation.
At International Animal Rescue we do exactly what our name says. We save animals from suffering around the world by:
* Cutting free the dancing bears of India
* Rescuing primates from the animal smugglers of Indonesia
* Saving migratory birds from the guns of Malta
* Providing veterinary care for the stray dogs and cats of India
When we can, we release rescued animals back into the wild. And when that’s not possible, we care for them in our sanctuaries.
http://www.iar.org.uk/International Animal Rescue (IAR) Dedicated to the rescue and rehabilitation of... more
It may look like a gremlin, but this tiny animal is actually a pygmy tarsier, recently rediscovered in the forests of Indonesia.
The 2-ounce (57-gram) carnivorous primate had not been seen alive since the 1920s.
That was until researchers on a summer expedition captured, tagged, and released three members of the species (including this individual, above).
"Everyone's always talking about pygmy tarsiers," said lead researcher Sharon Gursky-Doyen, a professor at Texas A&M University.
"There have been dozens of expeditions looking for them—all unsuccessful. I needed to go and try to see for myself if they were really there or if they were really extinct," added Gursky-Doyen, whose research was funded in part by the National Geographic Society's Conservation Trust.
Once relatively abundant among the mossy, forested mountain slopes of Lore Lindu National Park in central Sulawesi, the pygmy tarsier population may have shrunk when logging in the 1970s destroyed its habitat, Gursky-Doyen said.
The nocturnal creatures rely on darkness to avoid predation. However in fragmented forests, the canopy lets in more moonlight, exposing the small animal to birds and other predators as it leaps from tree to tree.
Gursky-Doyen said she hopes the find will inspire the Indonesian government to protect the species and its habitat.
"[The] government needs to figure out a compromise between people and animals living in Lore Lindu."It may look like a gremlin, but this tiny animal is actually a pygmy tarsier, recently... more
Please take action!
Please Tell NIH To Stop Testing Nicotine On Animals!
Every year in the U.S., hundreds of animals are harmed and killed in experiments to test the effects of nicotine and tobacco. Since 2002 alone, the NIH has spent at least $16.5 million to conduct nicotine experiments on pregnant and newborn animals. This appalling figure does not reflect the total cost of all nicotine research on animals, which numbers far higher (into the millions), but only that which focuses on nicotine's effect on fetal and newborn development.
Please contact these individuals at NIH. Ask that the agency end the decades-long policy of funding nicotine experiments on animals and instead redirect funds towards prevention, education and smoking cessation programs. Please keep all correspondence polite
Please sign the pre-filled letter (or feel free to write your own) to ask the NIH to stop these tests.
http://ga0.org/campaign/NIH_NicotinePlease take action! Please Tell NIH To Stop Testing Nicotine On Animals! Every... more
TANJUNG PUTING NATIONAL PARK, Indonesia — In the rush to feed the world's growing appetite for climate-friendly fuel and cooking oil, the Bornean orangutan could get plowed under.
Several plantation owners are eyeing Tanjung Puting National Park, a sanctuary for 6,000 of the endangered animals. It is the world's second-largest population of a primate that experts warn could be extinct in less than two decades if a massive assault on its forest habitat is not stopped.
The orangutans' biggest enemy, the United Nations says, is no longer poachers or illegal loggers. It's the palm oil industry.
On the receding borders of this approximately 1,600-square-mile reserve, a road paved with good intentions runs into a swamp of alleged corruption and government bungling. It's one of the mounting costs few bargained for in the global craze to "go green."
TANJUNG PUTING NATIONAL PARK, Indonesia — In the rush to feed the world's... more
CNN) -- Congolese rebels seized a major military camp and a spacious gorilla park in a renewed bout of heavy fighting that sent thousands fleeing, according to the United Nations and park officials.
Young gorillas play in Congo's Virunga Park, which was taken over Sunday by rebels fighting army forces.
1 of 3 The fighting comes after a tenuous week-old U.N. brokered cease-fire between rebels and government forces fell apart Sunday.
Fighting between the rebels under renegade Gen. Laurent Nkunda and Congolese army regulars in the eastern province of North Kivu of the Democratic Republic of the Congo displaced thousands of civilians, according to U.N. spokesman Michele Bonnardeaux.
The rebels also seized the headquarters of Virunga National Park in eastern Congo after intense fighting with the Congolese army, according to a statement by park officials.
The rebels have used Virunga Park as a base but have never seized its headquarters before.
The 3,000 square mile (7,800 square kilometer) park has a gorilla facility and is home to 200 of the 700 endangered mountain gorillas in existence.
Congo's Virunga National Park Web site
U.N.: Recent Congo fighting uproots 200,000
"Over 50 rangers were forced to flee into the forests and abandon the park station, in fear of their lives," the park statement said.
"They have seized the entire gigantic infrastructure [of the park headquarters] which is stategically very close to the main road heading north into Goma," said park spokeswoman Samantha Newport by phone from Goma, about 40 kilometers from the fighting.
"The situation is eastern Congo is very dangerous," she said. "It's the first time they've [rebels] ever had the audacity" to take over the park.
Newport said the rebels have set up roadblocks so the rangers are making their way through woods south to safety.
She said the gorillas and other wildlife in the park are in danger of getting caught in the crossfire.
CNN) -- Congolese rebels seized a major military camp and a spacious gorilla park in a... more
When the frozen blueberry rolled out of a tube near a 42-inch touch-screen computer in the Lincoln Park Zoo's great ape house, a lowland gorilla named Rollie popped the berry into her mouth, gleefully stomped her feet and let out a celebratory hoot.
Rollie had correctly solved a seven-step number puzzle on the screen, winning a treat and an enthusiastic cheer from a keeper. But her skills are also being noticed outside the confines of the zoo.
Conventional wisdom has it that gorillas are somewhat less intelligent than their great ape cousins. Rollie's success is challenging those assumptions, suggesting she might, in fact, be faster on the uptake than chimpanzees and orangutans.
A report on her work recently caused a stir at the biennial meeting of the International Primatological Society Congress in Scotland.
"Gorillas have always had a reputation of being a little bit slower-witted than other great apes," said Steve Ross, who supervises cognitive and behavioral research for the zoo's primate research arm, the Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes. "They aren't as dynamic as chimps socially, and they don't show the mechanical cleverness that orangutans display."
Ross admits he subscribed to the theory himself.
"This study can't generalize for all gorillas, but because [Rollie] has been such a quick learner, it suggests that gorillas in general are smarter than we have given them credit for," he said.
Ross' immediate aim in studying primate cognition and intelligence is to devise preference tests that allow animals to "talk" to keepers, expressing what foods they like or reporting on good and bad features of their habitats. But exploring animal cognition also is a way of looking at human intellect and language, providing insights into how they evolved.
Chimpanzees and orangutans are studied often at primate and medical research labs worldwide. But captive gorillas - perhaps too temperamental as adults to be used as research subjects - aren't often kept outside of zoos, so they are far less studied.
Lincoln Park is the only place in the world doing touch-screen testing with both chimps and gorillas.
"It is exciting to see that [Rollie's] performance is comparable with other great apes," said Tara Stoinski, a Zoo Atlanta primatologist. "What is really exciting is to see this kind of work being done with gorillas because so little research is being done on gorilla cognition."When the frozen blueberry rolled out of a tube near a 42-inch touch-screen computer in... more