tagged w/ Fukushima
TOKYO — Workers made incremental progress at the stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant on Thursday, but disturbingly high radiation readings there as well as miles away continued to reinforce fears that Japan’s crisis was far from over.
Workers prepared more tanks on Thursday to transfer radioactive water from the turbine buildings at Reactor Nos. 1, 2 and 3 to keep it from flowing into the ocean. But readings taken in the sea near the plant showed that levels of the radioactive isotope iodine 131 have continued to rise, testing at 4,385 times the statutory limit on Thursday, nearly four times higher than on Sunday, said Hidehiko Nishiyama, deputy director general of Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency. That rise increases the likelihood that contaminants from the plant are continuously leaking into the sea, he said.
Iodine 131 was also detected at levels 10,000 times the safety limit in groundwater near Reactor No. 1. However, the government asked for retesting after the plant’s operator, the Tokyo Electric Power Company, which is known as Tepco, cast doubt on its own data not long after divulging the initial figures.
http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2011/04/01/world/asia/01japan/01japan-articleLarge.jpgTOKYO — Workers made incremental progress at the stricken Fukushima Daiichi... more
First they found radiation in milk in Spokane, Washington. Then they found radiation in milk in San Luis Obispo County, California. Now they have found radiation in milk in Arizona as well. Should we just start assuming that all of our milk is going to have nuclear radiation from Japan in it until further notice?First they found radiation in milk in Spokane, Washington. Then they found radiation... more
According to the author, GE's stocks have not been impacted by the Fukushima disaster because, Japanese law reportedly limits liability to the operator, not the designer. However, Dr. Chande goes on to say that the assumption that GE will not be liable because of Japanese law is premature because the design of the plant has been criticized by experts. The focus: the containment vessel.
However, as Dr. Chande states, there are still a lot of unknowns, including whether the contract for the construction specified a certain theater of law to prevail should problems arise.
Regarding Dr. Chande's statement, "Three GE scientists resigned 35 years ago in protest of the design of the Mark I containment system...." I wonder if those scientists are still alive today?
I wonder which publication comes out first with the follow-up to this, including, who were these scientists and where are they today?
Does anybody reading this know?
"WHO'S TO BLAME FOR FUKUSHIMA?"
In a legal sense it is too early to know, but General Electric, the designer of the stricken plant, might not entirely escape liability for the nuclear disaster.
By Anupam Chande ( Professor of Law at UC Davi.)
April 1, 2011
Since the nuclear plant disaster in Fukushima in Japan, the stock of the company that designed the reactors, General Electric, has fluctuated less than $1 a share. Meanwhile, the operator of the facility, Tokyo Electric Power Co., has seen its share price plunge more than 70%. The explanation: Japanese law reportedly limits liability to the operator, not the designer, of a nuclear power plant.
A year ago, we heard similar arguments about the limited exposure of BP in the wake of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Reports suggested that BP's liability for damages might be capped at $75 million because of the 1990 Oil Pollution Act, which imposes limited liability in the event of an environmental disaster at an offshore facility — "removal costs plus $75,000,000." In court, Transocean, the company that owned and operated the doomed oil rig, argued that another statute, the Limitation of Liability Act, limited its liability to the value of the sunken vessel — the rig — which it said was worth only $26.7 million. The Justice Department called Transocean's effort to limit its liability "simply unconscionable."
The pronouncements of BP's limited liability proved premature. After discussions with the Obama administration, BP voluntarily agreed to set up a $20-billion fund to help those whose livelihoods were destroyed by the disaster.
GE's initial confidence that it may bear little liability for any design defect because of Japanese law may be premature too. The New York Times recently reported that experts have long criticized GE's design, the Mark I, because it offered a relatively weak containment vessel. The containment vessel functions as the "last line of defense," preventing radiation leaks in case of a cooling system failure in the nuclear reactor. Three GE scientists resigned 35 years ago in protest of the design of the Mark I containment system.
I say this not on the basis of any specialized knowledge of this particular situation, or even on knowledge of nuclear industry contracts or regulation, but only on the basis of legal principles of international business and liability.
First, it is not entirely clear what law applies. Although the accident is occurring on Japanese soil, the contracts for design and construction of the plants could have specified another law to govern disputes between the parties. GE might, for example, have preferred the familiarity of U.S. law. These were, after all, contracts negotiated in the 1960s, when Japan was hardly thought to be a world economic power, and thus may have lacked the leverage to insist on local law.
Second, as in the case of BP, GE could eventually agree to a voluntary arrangement. For its part, BP set up a significant fund to handle losses, but did so under enormous pressure from Washington, the American public and the media. GE's involvement in the nuclear power plant was about four decades ago when it was built, quite different from BP's day-to-day control. But if GE was responsible for a weak design, it would seem to share responsibility for the current disaster.
Third, we do not know how Japanese courts will interpret any local limits on liability. Will those limits apply even if gross negligence or willful misconduct can somehow be shown? What if GE failed to disclose design defects? The principle of operator liability would seem attractive to anyone facing a products liability claim — Toyota, for example, comes to mind. Will courts uphold a principle of exclusive operator liability even when reports suggest that there were GE and U.S. government scientists who questioned the safety of GE's Mark I design for containment?
Modern disasters are, in an important sense, man-made. Because of this fact, the need to assign legal liability will arise. It is too early yet to know who bears the blame, and it is accordingly too early to be assured that GE is well-insulated from liability. The regulators, the operator and perhaps others may well have failed the public. It is the role of the legal process to ensure that the economic burden of the disaster falls on the party or parties responsible for it.
Anupam Chander is a professor of law at UC Davis.
------------------------According to the author, GE's stocks have not been impacted by the Fukushima... more
“Machine Civilization” is the fabulously choreographed music video by World Order, the celebrated Japanese music/dance performance group led by former martial artist Genki Sudo. The video features slow-motion breakdance voguing Japanese businessmen, released along with some words of hope following the recent earthquake and tsunami devastation in Japan. Genki Sudo accompanied his video with these words of hope:
“The unprecedented disasters unfolding in Japan; earthquakes, tsunami, and nuclear explosions, will somehow change things to come. And to send my message about this, I have expressed it here with World Order. These disasters can be interpreted as a turning point for civilization. I think that we have arrived at a time of revolution, shared with all the people of the world, in today’s society, economy, and political systems.
Incidents themselves are neutral. I believe that every single one of us, wandering through this deep darkness, can overcome anything, if only we let go of our fear, and face the it all in a positive light. The world is not going to change. Each one of us will change. And if we do, then yes, the world will be changed. It is darkest right before the dawn. Let’s all rise up to welcome the morning that will be so very bright for mankind. We are all one.”
This piece includes a number of high-resolution color photographs, as well as the wonderfully choreographed music video.
http://disembedded.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/machine-civilization-we-are-all-one/“Machine Civilization” is the fabulously choreographed music video by... more
NHK World is reporting that workers at the damaged nuclear power plant in Fukushima have not been issued radiation monitoring badges. Without such badges, each worker has no way to determine exactly how much radiation exposure he or she has accumulated.
Radiation monitors were issued to group leaders, but under Japanese law each worker is supposed to have an individual monitor.
http://www3.nhk.or.jp/daily/english/31_31.htmlNHK World is reporting that workers at the damaged nuclear power plant in Fukushima... more
Some useful information.
http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/radiation-sickness-and-treatment/Some useful information.... more
No clues as yet.
http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/japan-searches-for-clues-to-store-radioactive-water/No clues as yet.... more
March 30, 2011
Reactor number two at the Fukushima Daiichi has gone into full meltdown, although this is not being reported by the corporate media. The core has melted through the floor of the containment building and is now releasing large amounts of radiation.
Richard Lahey, who was head of safety research for boiling-water reactors at General Electric when the company installed the units at Fukushima, told the Guardian on Tuesday workers at the site appeared to have “lost the race” to save the reactor.
“The indications we have, from the reactor to radiation readings and the materials they are seeing, suggest that the core has melted through the bottom of the pressure vessel in unit two, and at least some of it is down on the floor of the drywell,” Lahey said. “I hope I am wrong, but that is certainly what the evidence is pointing towards.”
On March 12, the Japanese government assured its citizens there was no possiblity of a nuclear meltdown. Five days later, Japan’s nuclear agency raised tbe severity rating of the nuclear crisis from a Level 4 to Level 5 on a seven-level international scale.
On March 29, Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said his government is in a state of maximum alert over high-level radiation leaked from the plant.
Also on Tuesday, it was reported that deadly plutonium had leaked from reactor number two. Japan’s Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency insisted the leak was not harmful to human life.
Sakae Muto, Tokyo Electric vice-president, said the amount of plutonium-238, 239 and 240 released into the atmosphere was on par with past nuclear tests. “I apologize for making people worried,” he said.
Record-high readings of contaminated sea water were found near the plant, Bloomberg reports. Radioactive iodine in seawater rose to 3,355 times the regulated safety limit yesterday afternoon from 2,572 times earlier in the day, agency spokesman Hidehiko Nishiyama said. Nishiyama said the radiation is not a threat because there is no fishing in the area.
Experts say a reactor in meltdown will stop at or before the underlying soil of the containment structure, but will release massive amount of radiation into the atmosphere and ground causing extensive damage to plant and animal life. This process is now underway at the Fukushima Daiichi plant.
Meanwhile, there appears to be problems with a second nuclear plant. Tokyo Electric Power Co. said smoke was reported coming from the turbine building of reactor No. 1 at the Fukushima Daini nuclear power plant earlier today. The Fukushima Daini nuclear power plant is about 6 miles from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant."http://www.infowars.com/fukushima-nuke-plant-now-in-full-meltdown/... more
Disposing where it is being usually disposed off is a nightmare.
http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2011/03/28/japan-radioactive-water-how-to-dispose-itvideo/Disposing where it is being usually disposed off is a nightmare.... more
Doing the Math: Comparing Germany's Solar Industry to Japan's Fukushima Reactors
By Sara Mansur and Devon Swezey
Posted March 24, 2011 by Breakthrough Institute
Grist environment writer Christopher Mims has written a widely read post comparing Japan's Fukushima nuclear reactor complex to solar photovoltaic energy in Germany. The post, "Germany's Solar Panels Produce More Power Than Japan's Entire Fukushima Complex," implies that solar PV may be an adequate substitute for aging nuclear reactors in both Germany and Japan.
But an analysis of the electricity generated by Germany's solar PV industry and Japan's Fukushima Daiichi reactors finds that Germany's entire solar PV capacity, installed at a cost of at least $86 billion, generated only half the amount of electricity generated by the Fukushima plants in 2010.
"It's worth noting that just today, total power output of Germany's installed solar PV panels hit 12.1 GW -- greater than the total power output (10 GW) of Japan's entire 6-reactor nuclear power plant."
There are two problems with this.
First of all, the total installed capacity of Japan's Fukushima six-reactor Daiishi plant is actually 4.5 GW. The total power output of Japan's entire Fukushima complex, which consists of ten reactors--six at Daiichi and an additional four at Daini--is 8.8 GW. So Germany's peak solar PV output of 12.1 GW is nearly three times greater than Japan's Daiichi reactor complex.
Does that mean that solar in Germany is somehow equivalent to three of Japan's nuclear complexes? The answer is no, and this leads to the second problem with Mims' post.
The 12.1 GW that Mims cites is the total power generated at one peak time of day. But Mims' numbers don't tell us anything about what we really care about, which is electricity generation.
As Mims himself notes, solar power production varies with weather and the time of day--it doesn't supply 12.1 GW of power continuously. Rather, looking at total electricity generated over a year gives us a much more accurate, apples-to-apples comparison of each technology's contribution to a country's energy needs.
According to Mims:
"To find out how much energy those panels generated today in total, you'd have to calculate the area under that curve in the lower right hand corner."
Fortunately, we've run those calculations, and they present a much different picture than the one implied in Mims' post.
In 2010, Germany's cumulative installed solar PV stood at 17.3 GW. In 2009, Germany's PV solar capacity factor--the ratio of actual energy output over the year and the energy the plant would have produced at full capacity--was 9.5%. This is quite low for solar PV, which typically has capacity factors around 15%, and is likely due to the fact that
Germany doesn't actually get that much sun. If we assume the same 9.5% capacity factor for 2010, then Germany's 17.3 GW translates into about 14,397 GWh of actual annual electricity generation from solar cells.
By comparison, in 2010, Fukushima's six Daiichi reactors--which have a nameplate capacity of 4.5 GW--produced 29,221 GWh of power generation.
That is, one nuclear power plant complex produces more than twice the power generation of Germany's entire installed solar industry.
Furthermore, Germany's entire solar PV output is equal to a little more than one percent of Japan's total electricity generation.
So could we feasibly replace the power generated from nuclear in Japan with electricity from solar?
The German solar industry was built over 20 years with expansive government support. Using an estimate of $5 per watt of installed solar PV capacity, we estimate the country's 17.3 GW in installed solar capacity to have cost at least $86.5 billion dollars. The actual costs are likely higher, since this estimate assumes 2010 module prices, while costs have substantially declined in the past decade.
As Breakthrough's Jesse Jenkins, Ted Nordhaus, and Michael Shellenberger make clear in today's Atlantic:
Present day renewables remain too expensive and undependable for any economy in the world to rely upon at significant scale. So Germany, despite its vaunted solar feed in tariffs, will rely more heavily upon coal, which it has in abundance, as it retires its aging nuclear fleet. The US, already in the midst of a natural gas boom, will use more gas.http://theenergycollective.com/breakthroughinstitut/54322/doing-math-comparing-germanys... more
"The number is not credible. We are very sorry," said Tepco spokesman Takashi Kurita.
The operators of a stricken Japanese nuclear plant have apologised for a "mistake" in reporting a radiation spike 10 million times above normal.
Tokyo Electric Power Company, which has previously been criticised by officials for its handling of the crisis at the plant, said it got the readings wrong.
Despite the mistake, the radiation spike at reactor 2 was still very high and enough to evacuate workers."The number is not credible. We are very sorry," said Tepco spokesman... more
Workers flee Japan nuclear plant as false readings say radiation levels are 10 MILLION times higher than normalWorkers trying to cool reactor evacuated
'We are very sorry' says spokesman after incorrect readings
Government says radioactive water 'almost certainly leaking' from plant
UN sends extra teams to aid recovery effort at Fukushima
Workers trying to prevent a disaster fled for their lives from Japan’s crippled nuclear plant today when radiation soared to a level 10 million times above normal.
Tests on water in reactor number two at the Fukushima plant revealed radioactivity of 1,000 millisieverts (mSv) per hour, way above the level deemed safe.
But as alarm spread, the electric company operating the Fukushima plant said last night that there had been a mistake and the readings
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1370409/Japan-nuclear-crisis-Fukushima-plant-radiation-levels-10m-times-normal.html#ixzz1Hokwl5lCWorkers trying to cool reactor evacuated 'We are very sorry' says... more
Contradicting Barack Obama’s assertion last week that radiation from Japan’s
stricken Fukushima nuclear plant would not even reach Hawaii, the mainland
United States has been blanketed with radioactive Xenon 133 particles, while
spent nuclear fuel pools at Fukushima have now reached boiling point and
threaten to spew out more radioactive smoke.
Although health authorities insist that levels of the radionuclide Xenon 133
that have been measured are harmless, claims that such radiation would
dissolve over the Pacific have been proven completely inaccurate. Indeed,
the latest charts show that fallout from Fukushima will not just smother the
United States, but most of the globe.
The chart below from the Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics
(ZAMG) shows the spread of Xenon 133 emitted from the Fukushima plant.
CLICK TO ENLARGE.
The following chart, from the Norwegian Institute for Air Research, also
shows the spread of Xenon 133 across the United States.
Although Xenon has been released globally, it is considered a far more inert
and harmless form of radioactivity in comparison to the far more dangerous
iodine-131, caesium-134 and caesium-137.
The next chart, produced by the French Institute for Radiological Protection
and Nuclear Safety and Meteo France, shows the dispersion of the more
dangerous caesium-137 particles from Fukushima on a global scale.
It is important to stress that health authorities insist levels of all four
of the radioactive isotopes being released from Fukushima, namely Xenon 133,
iodine-131, caesium-134 and caesium-137 are harmless to people living
outside of the Fukushima exclusion zone. However, those assurances were not
adequate to prevent the U.S. military from preparing the, “Mandatory
evacuation of thousands of American troops and their families in Japan out
of concern over rising radiation levels,” reports CNN.
Despite its apparent harmlessness at current levels, the very fact that such
radiation is currently smothering the entire United States completely
contradicts assurances made last week by President Barack Obama that the
radiation from Fukushima was set to dissipate before it reached Hawaii,
never mind the mainland U.S.
“Obama told KDKA-TV of Pittsburgh that experts have assured him that a
nuclear release from Japan will dissipate by the time it gets to Hawaii,
much less the U.S. mainland,” USA Today reported on March 15. Just days
later, reports emerged of small amounts of radiation hitting California.
As we have documented, given the habitual nature of both the Japanese and
the U.S. government in deceiving people as to the safety of the air we
breathe, the fact that distrust has reigned amidst panic buying of potassium
iodide and geiger counters is completely understandable.
Radiation from Fukushima has now been detected as far north-east as British
Columbia in Canada and Iceland in Scandinavia, with mainland Europe set to
be hit over the coming 24 hours.
Today the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said that radiation was
still being spewed from Fukushima and that they were unclear of its source.
An obvious answer would be the pools holding deadly spent nuclear fuel rods,
which according to the latest reports have begun to boil as efforts to cool
them down continue to fail, despite Japanese authorities and the global
mainstream media continuing to claim that the worst of the problem is over.
Paul Joseph Watson is the editor and writer for Prison Planet.com. He is the
author of Order Out Of Chaos. Watson is also a regular fill-in host for The
Alex Jones Show.
http://www.prisonplanet.com/radionuclide-blankets-united-states-authorities-insist-levels-are-harmless.htmlContradicting Barack Obama’s assertion last week that radiation from... more
The heroes dubbed the Atomic Samurai defy radiation in the first dramatic picture of them battling to halt Japan's nuke meltdown.
Clambering in protective white suits they selflessly toil away fixing cables to restore power to the quake-shattered Fukushima plant.The heroes dubbed the Atomic Samurai defy radiation in the first dramatic picture of... more
Nuclear scientists and policy experts say the quality and quantity of information coming out of Fukushima has left gaping holes in their understanding of the nuclear disaster nearly two weeks after it began.Nuclear scientists and policy experts say the quality and quantity of information... more
Some suggestions from reputed sources.Some one might translate int o Japanese..
http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2011/03/27/radioactive-water-how-to-decontaminate/Some suggestions from reputed sources.Some one might translate int o Japanese..... more
Radioactivity on the rise.
http://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2011/03/27/japan-seawater-radiation-1250-times-more/Radioactivity on the rise.... more
Is the situation in Japan getting worse or better?